10 Best Industries For EB-2 Visa Applicants: Discover The Best Sectors for EB-2A and EB-2B Visas

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Though the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) does not have a predefined list of which industries are preferred for the EB-2 visa, certain industries align better with the criteria for the EB-2 visa, including both EB-2A and EB-2B categories.

Read on to discover the top ten sectors that typically have a strong representation of EB-2 visa applicants and the challenges and opportunities for each.

What is EB-2 visa?

The EB-2 visa (also known as employment-based second preference) is designed for professionals with an advanced degree (or its foreign equivalent) or exceptional ability in the arts, sciences, or business. They must also have a job offer from a U.S. employer petitioning on their behalves unless waived with a National Interest Waiver (NIW).

There are two categories under the EB-2 visa:

  1. Advanced degree

The job offer from a U.S. employer must require an advanced degree or above a bachelor’s degree. Foreign equivalent degrees are also accepted, provided a USCIS-recognized credential evaluation agency evaluates these credentials. The applicant must also meet other requirements specified on the labor certification.

  1. Exceptional ability

Likewise, to be eligible as a professional with exceptional arts, sciences, or business ability, the applicant must demonstrate it with supporting documentation and evidence. Exceptional ability is a degree of expertise significantly above that ordinarily encountered in the applicant’s field. The applicant must also meet other requirements specified on the labor certification.

For a more in-depth guide to the EB-2A and EB-2B visas and their criteria and requirements, click here.

Top 10 Best Industries For EB-2 Visa

Here are some sectors that typically have a strong representation of EB-2 applicants:

Information Technology (IT)

IT is a prime sector and one of the best industries for EB-2 applicants since the U.S. highly demands professionals with exceptional IT abilities and advanced degrees. It covers various disciplines, including software development, artificial intelligence, cyber security, data science, and more, making it suitable for individuals from various backgrounds.

Companies in various industries rely on IT-driven solutions, providing a stimulating environment for professionals seeking to contribute their advanced IT knowledge and exceptional abilities and work on innovative projects that push the boundaries of technology. Moreover, the skills acquired in the IT industry are highly transferable, enabling IT professionals to adapt to various roles and industries and further grow their knowledge and expertise.

Opportunities Challenges
High Demand
High demand in the U.S. IT sector creates a need for skilled professionals, presenting opportunities for exceptionally skilled or knowledgeable applicants.
Rigid eligibility criteria
The EB-2 visa has stringent and specific eligibility criteria, especially involving demonstrating exceptional ability or advanced degrees. It requires thorough documentation, professional recognition, and evidence of achievements in the IT field. It can be challenging to compile persuasive evidence.
Technological advancements
The IT industry is ever-present in technological advancements, providing various exciting prospects for applicants who wish to be part of cutting-edge advancements in artificial intelligence, cyber security, data science, etc.
Labor market competition
The IT industry is competitive, filled with talented professionals both domestically and internationally, making EB-2 applicants face tough competition for job opportunities.
Skill shortages
EB-2 applicants can take advantage of niche areas within the IT sector. They can leverage their considerable knowledge or expertise in these areas.
Effects of the H-1B visa cap
The H1-B visa is commonly used by IT professionals. It has a cap, limiting the number of available visas annually. This can lead to uncertainty for EB-2 IT professionals seeking alternative routes.
Career progression and stability
EB-2 visa holders can secure positions in reputable IT companies and build long-term careers since it offers progression opportunities, creating stability.
Complicated immigration procedures
The immigration process and stringent requirements for the EB-2 visa are time-consuming. EB-2 applicants would benefit from professional guidance to streamline this complicated process.
Entrepreneurial ventures
IT professionals have the potential to start their own technology-focused businesses, creating entrepreneurial possibilities.


Engineering is a lucrative field for EB-2 applicants since it naturally requires exceptional abilities and advanced degrees. Engineers are vital in various industries, hence making it one of the best industries for EB-2 visa. The sector contributes to infrastructure development, innovation, and technological advancements. It comprises various branches like civil, mechanical, electrical, and software engineering.

Engineering professionals contribute to research and development initiatives, pushing the boundaries of engineering knowledge and finding solutions to complex challenges. Fields like renewable energy, artificial intelligence, robotics, and sustainability often present opportunities for engineers. Applicants can also tap into construction, manufacturing, transportation, aerospace, technology, and energy.

Opportunities Challenges
High Demand
EB-2 visa applicants will find that engineering professionals are in demand across multiple industries like manufacturing, technology, etc., creating a need for qualified engineers.
Credential evaluation
Applicants educated outside the U.S. may face complications arising from meeting U.S. educational standards. They should seek USCIS-accredited credential evaluation.
Due to technological advancements, many opportunities exist for engineers who can contribute their expertise to cutting-edge projects, research initiatives, and innovations.
Engineers should expect tough competition, especially in popular disciplines with a saturated market in the U.S., limiting job opportunities.
Research and development
Engineers can engage in research and development activities in the U.S. involving new concepts, technologies, and methodologies to address various engineering challenges across different sectors.
Licensing and certification
Some engineering disciplines need specific certifications and licenses to practice in the U.S. Applicants may need to undergo additional assessments and examinations set by professional engineering organizations.
National Interest
Due to infrastructure developments in the U.S. in transportation, water, energy, and sustainability, EB-2 applicants can leverage opportunities that may qualify for the National Interest Waiver (NIW).
Effects of the H1-B visa cap
Engineering professionals often use the H1-B visa, which has an annual limit on the number of visas issued, creating additional competition and uncertainty for applicants seeking various pathways to enter the U.S.
Career progression and stability
Engineering offers lucrative opportunities. With adequate experience and qualifications, EB-2 visa holders can secure positions and take on leadership roles that enable career progression.

Science and Research

Science and Research is a strong fit and a great option from the best industries for EB-2 Visa list. Since it offers plenty of opportunities focusing on scientific advancements, environmental research, biomedical discoveries, and more, where professionals with exceptional abilities or advanced degrees can significantly contribute across various sectors.

Science and Research drive progress and innovation across sectors, significantly addressing global challenges and creating improvements. It often involves interdisciplinary collaboration where experts from different domains work together in opportunities applicable to public health and national interest, which can strengthen the case for an EB-2 visa. It can encompass sectors like pharmaceuticals, agriculture, environmental sciences, and more.

Opportunities Challenges
Visa holders in science and research can collaborate with industry partners in turning scientific discoveries into practical applications, leading to new products, solutions, and technology developments.
Rigorous credential evaluation
Applicants educated outside the U.S. will require rigorous credential evaluation to ensure their qualifications and research experiences meet U.S. standards.
Career advancement
The scientific community values expertise and advanced degrees. EB-2 visa holders can pursue a career path with opportunities for growth, recognition, and leadership positions across various industries.
Competitive job market
Science and Research are highly competitive, especially in prestigious institutions and highly specialized fields.
National interest
Many scientific advancements contribute to public health and can count towards the national interest. Applicants with contributions that address critical issues like disease prevention or environmental conservation can apply for an NIW or strengthen their case for an EB-2 visa.
Funding and grant challenges
Securing funding for research projects can be competitive and complex.
Research opportunities
The U.S. has a thriving research ecosystem with numerous opportunities for visa holders to contribute to groundbreaking research projects in collaboration with renowned scientists.
Limited research positions
Reputable institutions may have limited availability, especially for sought-after fields. It is recommended that applicants explore various avenues for suitable positions.

Medicine and Healthcare

Medicine and healthcare are also a strong fit and among the great best industries for EB-2 Visa. The U.S. has a lucrative healthcare industry with high demand for skilled healthcare professionals with exceptional abilities or advanced medical degrees.

Medicine and healthcare are considered essential to the U.S. Professionals can contribute to clinical advancements, research breakthroughs, and initiatives that prevent diseases, improve healthcare quality, and promotes public health.

Opportunities Challenges
High demand for medical and healthcare professionals
The U.S. has a high demand for skilled healthcare and medical professionals. Applicants can fill the gaps in the healthcare workforce, especially in underserved areas or specialized fields.
Licensing and certification
Healthcare professionals require specific registrations, certifications, and licenses to practice in the U.S. Applicants may need to fulfill additional requirements or pass examinations to meet U.S. standards.
Specialized medical practices
Visa holders with advanced degrees and considerable experience can establish or join specialized medical practices in the U.S., such as neurology, oncology, and other fields. The U.S. has a high demand for specialized fields.
Credential evaluation
Applicants educated outside the U.S. will require rigorous credential evaluation to ensure their qualifications and medical/healthcare experiences meet U.S. standards.
Academic and teaching positions
Visa holders can take advantage of opportunities to pursue academic positions in teaching hospitals, research institutions, or medical schools. They can educate and mentor future healthcare professionals and contribute to medical research and scholarships.
Residency programs and training
Graduates of medical programs outside the U.S. may need to complete further training in the U.S. to obtain the necessary licenses and permits. Given the complex residency matching process in the U.S., this process can be complicated and competitive.
Public health initiatives
Visa holders can contribute to public health initiatives that improve population health, healthcare access, and disease prevention. They can work with government agencies and NGOs on local and international initiatives.
Differences in culture and healthcare system
Adapting to a new healthcare system, cultural norms, and practices can be challenging. Applicants need to understand the nuances of the U.S. healthcare system.
Leadership and administrative roles
Qualified visa holders can seek leadership and administrative positions in healthcare organizations and contribute to shaping policies, managing healthcare systems, and improving patient care and healthcare access.

Finance and Economics

The Finance and economics industry suits EB-2 applicants with exceptional abilities or advanced degrees in economics, finance, or related fields, positioning them for impactful roles in economic research organizations, financial institutions, or government agencies. If you have an interest in this sector, it makes a great option as it is among the best industries for EB-2 Visa.

The U.S. has a diverse and strong financial industry, including banking, insurance, fintech, asset management, etc. This field is also ripe with opportunities in business development and corporate finance roles.

Opportunities Challenges
Career advancement
EB-2 visa holders can pursue opportunities in prominent institutions like investment firms, fintech startups, and more. These opportunities involve risk management, financial analysis, or corporate finance, which have high demand in the U.S.
Industry-specific regulations and licensing
Some finance professions, like financial advisors or investment managers, may require specific licenses or certifications to practice in the U.S. Applicants need to familiarize themselves with these requirements as they may need to fulfill them and pass examinations to meet regulations.
Consulting and advisory services
Finance and economics professionals are well-regarded for their expertise in providing consulting services to NGOs, government agencies, and businesses across different sectors. Specialized professionals can use opportunities to provide services for strategic planning and economic insights.
Credential evaluation
Applicants educated outside the U.S. will need to ensure their qualifications meet U.S. standards. It is imperative to acquire an evaluation from USCIS-approved credential evaluation agencies.
Government and policy roles
EB-2 visa holders can seek government and policy roles in government agencies, central banks, regulatory bodies, etc. These roles influence economic decisions, address market trends, and shape the economy at various levels.
Competition and skill requirements
Finance and economics can be highly competitive. EB-2 applicants need to showcase extensive experience and specialized knowledge to stand out.
International financial centers
EB-2 visa holders gain access to global financial centers, such as New York City and Chicago, which offer extensive opportunities. They can tap into the U.S.’ vibrant financial ecosystem and network with industry professionals for more opportunities.

Architecture and Design

The U.S. offers numerous exciting opportunities in the field of Architecture and Design. Individuals with advanced degrees and exceptional abilities in architecture, urban planning, interior design, or related fields can help shape and build spaces, create innovative designs, and improve the aesthetics and functionality of spaces across various industries in the U.S.

Architecture and design professionals are involved in designing and constructing buildings, landscapes, and urban spaces. In particular, professionals focusing on innovation and sustainability can contribute their expertise in energy-efficient architecture, sustainable urban planning, green building design, and more. This is a lucrative profession in the U.S. since the country attracts numerous business opportunities and developments, resulting in the need for architecture and design services. It is among the best industries for EB-2 visa.

Opportunities Challenges
Sustainable and green design initiatives
The U.S. has a growing focus on environmental consciousness, presenting opportunities for EB-2 visa holders to contribute to green building design, sustainable urban planning, etc. Architecture and design professionals can seek projects involving renewable energy, eco-friendly principles, resource conservation, and more.
Portfolio development and competition
Architecture and design can be competitive. Applicants need to demonstrate their expertise and experience by building a compelling portfolio showcasing the quality of their skills, innovation, and creativity to stand out.
Academic and research positions
EB-2 visa holders can seek positions in universities or design schools to teach interior design, architecture, or other related subjects. This opportunity allows them to engage in research and contribute to their field’s advancements.
Licensure and certification
To practice in the U.S., applicants need to check for required specific licensure or certifications. They may need to fulfill additional requirements and pass examinations to meet U.S. standards.
Entrepreneurship and design consultancies
EB-2 visa holders can establish their own architectural or design consultancies and offer specialized services to clients, allowing them to pursue their vision, work on various projects, or even build their reputation as an entrepreneur.
Credential evaluation
Applicants educated outside the U.S. will need to seek USCIS-approved credential evaluation agencies to ensure their educational qualifications and experiences meet U.S. standards.
Architectural firms and design studios
EB-2 visa holders can pursue opportunities in reputable architectural firms, multidisciplinary design practices, and design studios, offering various project opportunities related to residential, commercial, institutional, or public spaces.

Business and Management Consulting

The U.S. Business and Management Consulting sector offers exciting opportunities for EB-2 applicants, allowing them to provide valuable strategic guidance, insights, critical thinking, and problem-solving expertise to various organizations and sectors.

The U.S. has a robust and diverse business environment known for innovation, diversity, a large market size, and a strong market economy, making it a top destination for multinational companies seeking to expand their reach. As a result, business and management consulting services are in demand throughout the country, making this sector the best industries for EB-2 Visa.

Opportunities Challenges
Emerging trends and digital transformation
The U.S. business landscape is growing and evolving. It is driven by emerging trends and digital transformations that EB-2 visa holders can take advantage of with their knowledge of innovative technologies, data analytics, digital strategies, etc.
Client acquisition and networking
Establishing professional networks and a large client base is essential in consulting. Thus, new entrants may find it challenging to acquire clients and build relationships initially due to limited contacts and the need to establish credibility first.
Corporate strategy and internal consulting roles
Large corporations have internal consulting teams that support strategic initiatives, which EB-2 visa holders can explore, allowing them to work with senior executives and drive organizational growth.
Cultural and market understanding
Business and management consulting requires a deep understanding of the local market dynamics, business practices, and cultural differences. EB-2 applicants must adapt their approach and acquire knowledge of the U.S. business environment to succeed.
Consulting firms and advisory services
The U.S. has numerous renowned consulting and boutique advisory firms that offer clients a wide range of services. These are opportunities for EB-2 visa applicants to tap into.
Competition and industry experience
The competition is stiff in the business and management consulting industry. It strongly emphasizes experience, client engagement, and a track record of success. New entrants may need help to compete and showcase their extensive experience and exceptional abilities to stand out.
Industry specialization
EB-2 visa holders can focus on specific industries where their expertise align and become subject matter expert in various areas like healthcare, technology, manufacturing, finance, etc. They can be able to position themselves as valuable consultants in these industries.
Entrepreneurial support and startup ecosystem
The U.S. has a thriving startup ecosystem filled with incubators, accelerators, and supportive organizations for which EB-2 visa holders can engage and provide consulting services.


Education is a top and best industries for EB-2 Visa in the U.S. due to the country’s high demand for skilled educators, a focus on educational excellence, a diverse student population, and advanced technology and opportunities for educational leadership and administration.

The U.S. education system seeks qualified and experienced educators whose contributions are valuable in research-based practices, curriculum development, and cross-cultural teaching methods to improve student outcomes. Applicants can take advantage of shortages of educators in certain subjects and specialized fields and help shape the future of education in the country.

Opportunities Challenges
Higher education institutions
EB-2 visa holders can seek positions in colleges and universities to teach undergraduate or graduate courses, conduct research, and contribute to academic programs in their field.
State certification and licensing
Teaching positions often require state certification and licensing, which vary from state to state. Applicants may need to fulfill requirements to meet standards set by respective state education departments.
Research institutions and think tanks
Visa holders can seek opportunities within research institutions or think tanks focusing on educational psychology, curriculum development, and education policy.
Cultural and pedagogical adaptation
Applicants must adapt their teaching methodologies, approaches, and communication styles to fit the U.S. educational system, student expectations, and cultural norms.
K-12 schools and districts
Visa holders can look into teaching positions in K-12 schools, especially in high-demand or specialized areas.
Limited job openings in some areas
Certain regions may have limited job openings or tough competition for teaching positions. Applicants should target regions with higher demand or consider alternative roles within the education sector.
Professional development and consulting
Visa holders can use opportunities to engage in professional development activities like conferences, training programs, and workshops to hone their skills and knowledge further. Additionally, they can explore consulting opportunities to guide educational institutions.

Arts and Entertainment

Arts and Entertainment is one of the best industries for EB-2 Visa due to the country’s diverse and vibrant creative industry. The U.S. has global influence and significant demand for artistic talent. It is home to world-famous theaters, film studios, art galleries, music venues, and cultural institutions that attract performers, artists, and professionals worldwide.

The sector provides opportunities for individuals with exceptional knowledge and talent in music, theater, dance, film, visual arts, and design to contribute their skills, creativity, and perspectives to the American art landscape. The country also provides plenty of platforms for artists to showcase their work to a diverse audience and collaborate with industry professionals to grow their careers further.

Opportunities Challenges
Access to resources and facilities
The U.S. will provide access to state-of-the-art facilities, equipment, resources, and studies that can further enhance artists’ creative processes and outputs. Visa holders can use this to develop their skills and enhance their projects.
Highly competitive
The arts and entertainment industry is highly competitive in the U.S., making it challenging to secure recognition and employment. Applicants will need to demonstrate achievements and considerable abilities to stand out.
Collaboration and exposure
The U.S. has plenty of renowned artists, performers, and industry professionals, enabling visa holders to work with established organizations, and participate in festivals, performances, etc., to gain exposure to diverse networks and audiences.
Ongoing visa sponsorship
Unlike self-petitioned categories like the O-1 visa, the EB-2 visa would require employer sponsorship or a U.S. job offer.
Cultural exchange and influence
The U.S. has a rich cultural diversity, with many artists from different backgrounds contributing to its vibrant arts and entertainment scene. It allows visa holders to engage and offers their unique perspectives to enrich the American arts landscape further and learn and collaborate with others.
Visa processing complexities
The EB-2 visa application can be time-consuming. Applicants must consider delays and other complexities and plan ahead.
Market reach and industry recognition
The U.S. arts and entertainment sector has a global reach, offering global opportunities for artists to gain international exposure and recognition, opening opportunities for significant milestones.
Professional development and training
Visa holders can take advantage of opportunities to engage in professional development masterclasses, workshops, and programs to enhance their abilities and expand their knowledge further in the U.S.

The U.S. has a robust legal system with a highly-developed professional services industry that demands skilled legal and business professionals with exceptional abilities and advanced knowledge of law, finance, accounting, consulting, and management.

The sector provides a platform for EB-2 applicants to work with and for leading organizations and serve diverse clients in complex and high-impact projects that influence business strategies and legal frameworks and shape the profession’s future. If possess this skillset, it will make a great choice for your application as it is part of the top 10 best industries for EB-2 Visa.

Opportunities Challenges
High demand
The U.S. legal and professional services sector highly demands skilled professionals. EB-2 visa holders with expertise in corporate law, intellectual property, finance, consulting, tax, etc., can find plenty of opportunities for entrepreneurial ventures and employment.
Licensing and bar admission
Each state has its own requirements and examinations, making obtaining state bar admissions a significant challenge for legal professionals who may need it.
Collaborative work environment
The U.S. legal and professional services sector offers opportunities for collaboration with renowned professionals, clients, and organizations, allowing EB-2 visa holders to work on complex projects and contribute to solving business, financial, and legal challenges.
Credential evaluation
USCIS-approved credential evaluation agencies must evaluate international education and credentials to ensure they meet U.S. standards. This can be time-consuming and may require additional examinations and requirements.
Professional development and networking
EB-2 visa holders can take advantage of the country’s wide range of professional development opportunities, like conferences, industry events, and seminars. They can enhance their knowledge and skills and build a robust network that opens doors to more opportunities.
Competitive job market
The legal and professional services sector is highly competitive, and securing clients and employment is challenging. Applicants must demonstrate a strong track record of success and showcase their exceptional abilities and experiences to stand out.
Exposure to diverse industries and clients
The U.S. has a diverse business environment, offering EB-2 visa holders the opportunity to work with a wide range of clients from different industries, including Fortune 500 companies, innovative startups, government agencies, and NGOs, furthering their skills and recognition.
Influence and impact
Visa holders will gain opportunities to contribute their expertise in shaping legal frameworks, driving business strategies, and developing innovative solutions to complex challenges across various sectors. The U.S. offers a platform to make a significant impact and influence in the legal and professional services field.

Please contact us here for any inquiries regarding the EB-2 visa and its application process and requirements.

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